The medicinal plants and vegetables, seaweed, fruits contain a lot of active ingredients useful and proven in the world of the call Phyto cosmetics. These active principles are obtained from the flowers, leaves, bulbs, fruits, or stems of plants, which are subjected to delicate extraction processes in order to be used.
It is not surprising that plant extracts are so highly valued in cosmetics. They are rich in vitamins, mineral salts, and active ingredients.
They are basically obtained through two different procedures:
By mechanical pressure or
By extraction with solvents, mainly water or hydroethanolic mixtures.
The return to natural cosmetics has decisively influenced the development of new research that is expanding the variety and use of plant extracts with very encouraging properties and effects in this field.
Vegetable extract oils
Many vegetables are rich in oils that have an emollient and protective action. In addition, they are usually used as solvents and vehicles for other assets that can do a lot for the beauty and health of our skin.
The oils from vegetable extracts are subjected to a treatment to purify their smell and color, in addition to reducing their acidity and peroxide values. Depending on its richness in long-chain fatty acids, ingredients are added that slow down its oxidation and therefore its rancidity.
One of the most common oils is sweet almond oil, widely used in traditional cosmetics. It is considered a good emollient and is very rich in oleic acid and vitamins A and E.
It is also rich in unsaturated fatty acids, which is why it is recommended for the care of dry and irritated skin.
For its part, avocado oil has a moisturizing, regenerating, and protective action that makes it a highly valued oil in cosmetics.
Something similar happens with cereal germ oils. They contain vitamins of group B, vitamin E, A, F, and carotenes that are well absorbed through the skin. In addition, they are rich in phospholipids that, together with vitamins, provide highly recommended nutritional properties for dry and mature skin.
Rosehip oil is one of the most popular in recent times. It is a powerful skin regenerator and it is precisely this property that makes it a star product in scar care.
One last mention in this section for unsaponifiable. They are substances that are found in low concentrations in vegetable oils but with powerful activities that vegetable oils and butter usually have.
The most common are those obtained from avocado oil, olive oil, and shea butter. Their action in maintaining elasticity and optimal skin characteristics make them highly valued.
Phytoproteoglycans to reactivate collagen and skin firmness
Phytoproteoglycans also deserve our attention due to their innovative nature. They are complex molecules composed of proteins found in the extracellular matrix of plants.
They have a special ability to reactivate the formation of collagen and restore the firmness and luminosity of the face. In addition, they have an anti-inflammatory action that helps the skin heal. For more information visit ncef essence.
Among its benefits is its ability to increase skin tolerance to the sun, reduce wrinkles and increase collagen production. For all these reasons, they are considered a very effective treatment to fight skin aging.
Like plant extracts from plants, plant ingredients of marine origin have also proven highly effective in cosmetics. The biological richness of the sea has given rise to numerous investigations by this industry with very interesting results.
There are more than 25,000 cataloged species of algae, although only a few species are used in cosmetics due to their richness in trace elements, mineral salts, vitamins, and amino acids.
Green algae, those that are closer to the surface, contain a large amount of phosphorus and magnesium and have softening properties. Red algae, like agar-agar, are valued for their soothing properties. And the brown algae, rich in carrageenans and alginates, favor the toning, regenerating, and softening action for the skin.
Finally, we would like to talk about the use of plant stem cells. Its application in cosmetics is due, in addition to its multiple properties, to its greater effectiveness. In addition, the fact of being cultivated in the laboratory makes them a much more sustainable product than those that are produced in a traditional way.
This means that long production times are not necessary, or the exploitation of large areas of land and water resources for its cultivation. The most used are those that come from apple and argan, but research is being carried out with citrus fruits, grape seeds, and even some algae.
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